Code branching for continuous integration (CI) for test automation code should be done in a way that allows for easy integration and testing of new code changes. Here are some best practices for code branching in a CI environment:
- Use a centralized version control system: Use a centralized version control system, such as Git, to manage the codebase. This allows multiple developers to work on the same codebase while ensuring that changes are tracked and easily revertable.
- Use a branching strategy: Use a branching strategy, such as GitFlow, that separates the codebase into different branches for different purposes, such as development, testing, and production.
- Use feature branches: Use feature branches to isolate new code changes. This allows developers to work on new features or bug fixes without affecting the main codebase. Once the feature is complete and tested, it can be merged into the development branch.
- Use pull requests: Use pull requests to review and merge code changes into the development branch. This allows multiple developers to review the changes and ensure that they are working as expected before they are integrated into the main codebase.
- Use test-driven development: Use test-driven development to ensure that all new code changes are tested before they are integrated into the main codebase. This helps to catch any issues early on and prevent them from affecting the production environment.
- Use build pipelines: Use build pipelines, such as Jenkins or Travis CI, to automate the build, test, and deployment process. This allows you to automatically build, test, and deploy new code changes, ensuring that they are working as expected.
By following these best practices, you can create a code branching strategy that allows for easy integration and testing of new code changes in a CI environment. This will help to ensure that the test automation code is working as expected and that new code changes do not introduce new bugs or issues.